Blood management and conservation is a topic that is widely discussed in the field of healthcare these days and with good reason. A blood transfusion can be life saving, but avoiding a transfusion for a patient who doesn't need it can be nearly as helpful. Not only does that allow the banked blood to be allocated to a patient with a greater need, but the patient avoiding the transfusion also avoids the potential complications associated with a bank blood transfusion.
What are the benefits for patients?
Minimizes infection risk
Eliminates ABO and Rh incompatibility reaction risk
Eliminates risk of transfusion-transmitted disease
Provides blood source for individuals with rare blood types or alloantibodies
Provides an option for individuals who have religious objections to receiving another person's blood
What are the benefits for health care facilities?
Eliminates extra costs / longer stays due to complications involving any of the above risks
Decreases demand for allogeneic blood
Cost savings over bank blood begin after one unit transfused - more so taking transfusion reactions into account